Tropical and rainy climate, abundant and exotic fauna and flora, possessor of a forest rich in woods such as: cedar, guayacan, oak, mahogany, tagua and rubber. This thick forest is crossed by large and abundant rivers such as Aguarico, Coca, Napo, Pastaza, Santiago and its tributaries, which are mostly navigable.
In this regions it can practice adventure sport such as: rafting, kayak, visit nature reserve like Yasuni and Cuyabeno which are the most important reserves in Ecuador.
It is known that the first settlers in these territories during the pre-Hispanic era, came in large part to this area from the Andean Cordillera and from Brazil by the Amazon River. It is important to mention that the Incas did not reach the Amazon region, it was the Spaniards, the colonizers who baptized the different ethnic groups that lived in this area with different names. It is for that the Amazon region constitutes a hymn to creation characterized by its great natural wealth and its biodiversity which makes it a heavenly place.
they inhabit at the northwest area of the Amazon Rain forest on the border between Ecuador and Colombia, their education and culture are based on four pillars: the thinking of the elders, the native languages, the sacred plants, the norms and the values of culture. They work as artisans and market with hammocks and canoes that they manufacture. Regarding their diet, they base it on local products.
they are within the Cuyabeno Fauna Production Reserve, their language is paikoka. They are mainly based on activities such as agriculture and timber extraction and their traditional economic activities such as hunting, fishing and fruit harvesting persist on a small scale.
The population is dispersed, it is settled in Puerto Bolívar, Bi'aña and Orahueaya. Their language is baikoka, the traditional activity of the community is making mud pans (sasotokuti) for the baking of cassava or casabe cookies (crispy and thin bread made with cassava flour). Their beliefs are based on the fact that there is no division between the natural and the supernatural; but there is a universe animated by spiritual forces that make it subject to changes, transformations and mergers, which are the essence of life. They have activities such as hunting, fishing, raising pigs and caring birds.
they are settled in approximately 668 Amazon communities, their beliefs are closely linked with nature. They differ from the other groups, for the developed practice of reducing the human head size of their enemies in an act of justice, this ceremony is called tsantsa and is a procedure that they keep secretly.
Most of them live in Puyo or in nearby towns, their ancestral beliefs are based on the fact that all the phenomena that occur are mediated by the spirits.
Located within the Yasuní National Park, its language is wao tiriro; traditionally they were a town of skillful hunters and warriors, the clothes of the wao town consisted of a cord of wild cotton called komi that surrounded the waist and maintained the penis upwards, in the case of women and children it was the same cord, but finer, not wearing the komi meant being naked and helpless as it represents power and energy.