Quito city of contrast

Quito is one of the most beautiful cities of the Western Hemisphere, it is located at 2,800 meters above sea level, and it was founded in 1534 by Sebastián de Benalcázar. It is recognized for having the best preserved and least altered old town in Latin America. (320 hectares around 130 heritage buildings). It is the first Cultural Heritage of Humanity declared by UNESCO in 1978.

The colonial city keeps in its streets, squares, temples, convents and monuments the traces of the Spanish conquest, it is also known as the light of America for being the cradle of the first American independence shout.

3.2.2 THE FIRST LEADING SOUTH AMERICAN DESTINATION SINCE 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

Quito has been selected, over the last few years, as the leading destination in South America for the most famous World Travel Awards, considered like an "Oscar" for tourism. These prizes are awarded according to the votes of many tourists from around the world, who consider Quito as a city that must be visited.

In addition to its incredible landscapes, Quito is known for its colonial treasures, paintings and carvings. The Spanish colonial period extends from the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century. The Ecuadorian colonial art combines the European and Baroque Renaissance style with the indigenous and mestizo influences, with the arrival of the Spaniards, the Roman Catholic Church became the center of the religious instruction and the greatest patron of arts. As part of the acculturation of the Indigenous, the Spaniards established schools of painting and sculpture where Spanish artists trained the indigenous population in the arts. As a result, the Quiteña School became famous in Latin America for its talented artists, among them Bernardo de Legarda, the indigenous artists Caspicara (Manuel Chili) and Pampite (José Olmos). Miguel de Santiago, Nicolás Javier de Goribar and Manuel Samaniego were other outstanding representatives of this art school. Scholars consider that their contributions to colonial art are some of the most valuable in America.

Plaza Grande & Independence Monument

Located at the heart of the Old Town between García Moreno, Venezuela and Chile streets, it is also known as Independence Plaza from 1535. At the center of the Plaza is a monument to the Independence built of marble and bronze, which is a wounded lion and the Andean condor that symbolize the defeat of Spain.

Government Palace

Built with an imposing neoclassical style is the Headquarters of the Republic Presidency making by mandate of Baron Luis Hector de Carondelet one of the last presidents of the Royal Audience of Quito in its interior keeps all the political history city.

Metropolitan Cultural Center

Located at the Plaza Grande built with the aim of spreading the city culture by the Metropolitan Municipality of Quito. It has large premises, libraries and exhibition hall.

“Catedral Primada “of Quito

Located next to the Plaza Grande , it began its construction in 1572 and was completed in 1806 by the Baron de Carondelet, it is one of the most important religious symbols of Quito for that reason on November 11th, 1995 it was named as “Cathedral Primada” ; by the evangelizing work done by the church. Upon the entrance to the sacristy the carving is observed, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, in the chest of the Father the sun stands out.
It is worth mentioning that here rest the remains of the great Marshal Antonio José de Sucre and other Ecuadorian Presidents, also you can witness the guard changing from the Sucre mausoleum.
It is open from Monday to Friday from 10:00 to 16:00; Saturdays and Sundays from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
Entrance Fee: Adults: $ 3.00; Children, students and seniors: $ 2.00; Domes visit (Church, Museum, Domes): $ 6.00.

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Arzobispal Palace

On the north side of the Plaza Grande is the headquarters building of the Catholic Church, built in colonial style, emphasizing the pillars stones in their portals and the church symbols highlighted in its facade.

Compania de Jesus Church

In García Moreno and Antonio José de Sucre streets you will find one of the most beautiful churches in Ecuador, with its Solomonic columns and the different religious symbols that were artistically carved by indigenous hands, inside it has gold leaf decorations and valuable paintings of the Quito school.
It is open to the public on: Monday to Thursday from 09:30 to 18:30; Friday from 09:30 to 17:30; Saturdays and holidays from 09:30 to 16:15; Sundays from 12:30 a.m. to 4:15 p.m. Entrance Cost: Adult and seniors $ 4.00; Student: $ 2.00; Children under 11 and disabled: free income.
Entrance Cost: Adult and seniors $ 4.00; Student: $ 2.00; Children under 11 and disabled: free income.

San Francisco’s Church

It was carried out by the Franciscan Friars Fray Jodoco Rique, Pedro Gocial and Fray Alonso, the first two were the founders of the Quito school. Its construction began in 1536, a year after the Quito’s foundation, on what it was an Inca building occupied by Huayna Capac, before it construction it was an indigenous market. Also in this convent was built the first brewery in Ecuador that is currently managed by the Franciscan friars.
Además en este convento se construyó la primera cervecería del Ecuador que actualmente se encuentra manejada por los frailes franciscanos.
Attention Days: From Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Costo: adultos, estudiantes, tercera edad: $ 2; niños $1

The Man Chapel

Architectural and cultural complex, located at Bellavista, Manuel Calvache and Lorenzo Torres streets. Planned by Oswaldo Guayasamín, and inaugurated on November 29, 2002. Monumental work developed in 15,000 square meters, a 2-story chapel where acrylics from the mural Faces of America made by Guayasamín can be appreciated, which expresses the odyssey of Latin American man from the world ancestral pre-Columbian until the contemporary miscegenation. This chapel was declared by UNESCO "Priority Project for Culture" as well as Cultural Heritage of the Ecuadorian State by the National Congress.
Attention Days: From Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Costo: adultos $8; adultos mayores, personas con discapacidad 4$; niños hasta 12 años Gratis.

Walk along Amazonas Avenue

This important walk goes from the Av. Patria where the park of El Ejido is located towards the Av. Colón, it is a tourist and commercial walk at the Mariscal Sucre Town, which is a traditional neighborhood of Quito that conserves some Art-deco style buildings in contrast to modern buildings.
It concentrates 90% of touristic services of Quito, a place frequented by young people and tourists with restaurants, hotels, clothing stores, handicrafts, coffee shops and nightclubs.

Museum of the City

In García Moreno and Rocafuerte streets, passing the Queen Arch, there is the City Museum, this building was built in 1998, where the San Juan de Dios hospital used to be. Nowadays, events, exhibitions and gastronomic fairs are held about the culture of Ecuador.
Hours of Operation: Tuesday to Sunday from 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
Costo: adultos 3$; estudiantes con carné $ 2; Niños $ 1,50

Theater Square

Located at Guayaquil and Manabí streets, in this place the first market of Quito worked, the Spaniards called it "Plaza de las Carnicerías" it remained there almost two and a half centuries.
In 1877 in the Ignacio de Veintimilla government this space is given to the private society called "La Civilización" for the construction of the theater. Francisco Schmit German architect was the one who designed the project and the entrepreneur from Quito Leopoldo Fernández built the National Theater that later incorporated the name of Sucre in honor of the hero of Pichincha, initiative taken by Marieta de Veintimilla niece of the president.

San Agustín Church and Convent

It was built between 1550 and 1627. Its capitulars room hosted the patriots of August 10 th, 1809 who met in the town hall on August 16 to approve the Independence of the towns that were later the Royal Audience of Quito. In the crypt of the room are the remains of some patriots who signed the act.
Horarios de atención: lunes a viernes de 09:00 a 12:30 y de 14:00 a 17:00; Sábados de 09:00 a 12:30
Costo: adultos $2; estudiantes universitarios y adultos mayores $1,00; niños y estudiantes $ 0,50
– Iglesia y museo de Santo Domingo
Located at the Plaza that bears it name, it was built in the seventeenth century, the church retains its architecture and original art. On the right side is the chapel dedicated to the Rosary Virgin that conserves the Baroque decoration. It is important to mention that the arch of Santo Domingo was built to integrate the chapel of the Rosario Virgin and the popular Loma Grande colonial neighborhood.
Horarios de atención: de lunes a viernes 09:15 a 13:00 y 14:00 a 16:30; sábados de 09:00 a 13:00
Costo: adultos $ 1; estudiantes y adultos mayores $ 0,50

Santo Domingo’s Church

Located at the Plaza that bears it name, it was built in the seventeenth century, the church retains its architecture and original art. On the right side is the chapel dedicated to the Rosary Virgin that conserves the Baroque decoration. It is important to mention that the arch of Santo Domingo was built to integrate the chapel of the Rosario Virgin and the popular Loma Grande colonial neighborhood.

Horarios de atención: de lunes a viernes 09:15 a 13:00 y 14:00 a 16:30;  sábados de 09:00 a 13:00

Costo: adultos $ 1; estudiantes y adultos mayores $ 0,50

La Ronda Street

This street was formerly a road used by the Indians to descend to the gallinazos ravine or Jerusalem. The Ronda takes its name thanks to the Spanish word Rondar which means "to watch". It is one of the oldest neighborhoods of Quito, it has a beautiful Spanish architecture but without losing its indigenous features. Inside this street is the Peace Tunnel, which later García Moreno called Los Gallinazos Bridge. It is an architectural attraction that is very visited by tourists.

El Panecillo Hill

It is one of the most important attractions of the city, it is located at the end of Garcia Moreno Street to the south of the colonial helmet. In the past it was a temple to the sun built by the CARAS tribe and rebuilt by Huayna Capac. Its columns remained intact until the arrival of the Spaniards who years later built an astronomical observatory to look at the solstices and equinoxes, the same one that lasted until 1925, where it was replaced by a giant statue of the Virgin of Quito, the which years later it became a view point.

Itchimbia ecological park and neighborhood

Located at the eastern edge of the Old Town which serves as a viewpoint to contemplate the colonial architecture and the Machangara River ravines. In this ecological and cultural complex is located the Hacienda Piedrahita, which is a viewpoint restaurant.
Inside the park is the Cristal Palace used for massive events of the city.

Basilica of the National Vow

Located at Venezuela and Carchi streets, to the north of the Old Town, it has an imposing neogothic style architecture with gargoyles that symbolize the national fauna, it is the highest religious structure in the country.
Horario de atención: de lunes a viernes de 09:00 a 14:30
Costos: adultos $2; niños $1

Parque El Ejido y Arco de la Circasiana

Ubicado en la Patria y Diez de Agosto, 6 de diciembre y Tarqui se encuentra este hermoso parque. Los españoles la llamaron “Exidos de Iñaquito o Añaquito. Dentro del parque se encuentra el Arco de la Circasiana, obra escultórica construida en piedra ubicada hacia la avenida Patria, fue donado por Jacinto Jijón y Caamaño el cual es considerado el padre de la arqueología ecuatoriana.

Casa de Cultura Ecuatoriana

Entre las avenidas 6 de Diciembre, Patria y 12 de Octubre, junto al Parque de El Ejido se encuentra el complejo arquitectónico de la Casa de la Cultura Ecuatoriana Benjamín Carrión, fundada el 9 de Agosto de 1944 por José María Velasco Ibarra.
El Ágora con capacidad para 4.500 personas, el Teatro Nacional con 2.100 asientos, diferentes salas que pueden recibir de 400 a 600 personas son escenarios de exposiciones, actividades artísticas y culturales.
En este complejo se encuentra también la Biblioteca Nacional con 300.000 volúmenes y una historia que sobrepasa los 200 años, la misma que recibe a 100.000 lectores anualmente. Dentro de la Casa de la Cultura se puede encontrar la Cinemateka Nacional creada en 1981 con el aval de la UNESCO, cuenta con un archivo cinematográfico y una sección de investigación y disponible a la ciudadanía.

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