The national park lies within the Napo moist forests eco region and is primarily rain forest.
The Largest National Park & Biosphere Reserve (Unesco 1989)
The scientific recognized to be the most biologically diverse region in the world, located in an area of 9,820 km2, (982.000 has 426.281 acres), between the Napo and Curaray rivers in Napo and Pastaza provinces, although it extends to the Orellana province lying a moist forests eco region and primarily rain forest. Yasuní it is also one of the world sites with the greatest diversity of fauna such as 567 bird species recorded, it shelters remarkably close to 40% of the entire mammal species found in the Amazon basin.
The park contains many species of trees and shrubs and holds at least four world records for documented tree and liana richness as well as three world records for diversity in woody plant species. The park also hosts a list endemic species such as 43 different species of vertebrates and 220 different plant species, together with at least 596 bird species, it has over 100,000 different species of insects and 200 different animals that belong to the 57% of all the country’s fauna.
History & Culture
It is within the claimed ancestral territory of the Huaorani indigenous people. Yasuní is home to two uncontacted indigenous tribes, the Tagaeri and the Taromenane. Yasuní National Park is the most biologically diverse spot on Earth per square kilometer, an important biogeographical area where endemic species of plants and animal have been preserved since the Pleistocene Period (20,000 BC). It is one of nine places in the world that has over 4,000 vascular plant species per 10,000 km2.
A popular place to visit in the park is at the parrot clay-lick on the north bank of the Napo River, close to the Sacha and Napo Wildlife lodges. During the right weather conditions hundreds of brightly feathered parrots descend on a clay cliff to feed.
Yasuní offers some of the best opportunities in Ecuador to experience pristine rainforest, and most tours coming through Coca will include a visit to the park. In addition to rainforest hikes, one of the highlights of a visit to the park is boating along the Napo River. Here you can enjoy the rich vegetation and abundant wildlife of the Amazon, and you have a good chance to see pink river dolphins and giant river otters.