Guayaquil is the commercial center of the country, with more than half the commercial companies in Ecuador.
Guayaquil the Pacific Pearl
Guayaquil, the capital of the Guayas province, the largest and most populated city in Ecuador it is the main port, thus, it is the commercial and industrial center of great economic importance to the country, lies on the west bank of the river Guayas about 60 km from its outflow in the Gulf of Guayaquil where about 80% of the country imports and more than 50% of its exports are handled. Due to its location on a very fertile ground it allows an abundant and variety of agricultural products for local markets and to get exported, such as cotton, sugar cane, rice, bananas, cocoa, coffee and tropical fruits such as mango, passion fruit (exporters worldwide), among others.
Guayaquil also hosts the greater reputation in convention centers, art industry on theaters, cinemas, art sceneries which have been growing through the years as much as to be elected Leading South American Business Trip Destination 2016 by the World Travel Awards.
The beautiful and modern Guayaquil city is influenced by its last development along the Guayas River, but also revitalizing parks and traditional neighborhoods. There’s the historic Las Peñas neighborhood, which perches over the riverfront that now boasts several restaurants and bars.
History & Culture
The settlement was first established in the area around 1534 until moving permanently to the Santa Ana Hill in 1547. The city was an important port and ship-building center for the Spanish, but it was plagued by pirate attacks and several devastating fires, including one in 1896. Guayaquil achieved its independence from the Spaniards on October 9th, 1820 and was an independent province until Simon Boli¬var annexed it as part of Gran Colombia in 1822.
Moorish Clock Tower
The clock was bought in England thanks to a loan given by Don Manuel Antonio Lizarraga, a rich Spanish merchant, one of the illustrious figures of the Independence. The clock was inaugurated in October of 1842 just after the terrible yellow fever epidemic in Guayaquil, the worst in its history.
Santa Ana Hill
This unique hill with its charming and colorful houses is located in the northern part of the city. After climbing 444 stairs you will have the opportunity to visit many restaurants, shops and art galleries. There is also a small church to visit as well as a lighthouse that overlooks the entire city.
Las Peñas Neighborhood
Adjacent to the stairway is Las Peñas, the first residential neighborhood of Guayaquil. Its wooden houses hold treasured memories from writers and poets that inhabited this area. Las Peñas was completely destroyed due to a fire in 1896. It was rebuilt in a neoclassic style.
Malecon El Salado
At Malecon El Salado you will find a variety of restaurants and bars to choose from; handcraft shops and entertainment for children. Fridays, Weekends and holidays at 19h30 and 20h30 there is a Light and Sounds Showat the Fountain. It is located at 9 de Octubre & La Ria.
Samanes Park has an area larger than 2,000 acres, and includes Cerro Colorado Protected Forest. The park is home to more than 193 flora species including the native guayacan and ceibo trees, and more than 100 fauna species including 90 birds, 9 mammals that include squirrels and opossum, and 7 reptiles including turtles, boas and the green iguana, and 9 fish species. It also holds a recreational area with soccer, volleyball, basketball, tennis and handball courts, as well as children games. It also has a stadium with capacity for 8,000 people.