“Ecuador, Diverse and Beautiful”
A microcosm of sensations and flavours in the middle of the planet: that’s Ecuador. “A unique country, where all the cultures, peoples and landscapes of Latin America meet and merge to form the world’s most perfect fragrance”, “Ecuador, diverse and beautiful”, “the country nearest to the sun”, “a place where you always come back” these are only a few of the ways people have described their stay here.
It has an estimated 14.5 million in population; the main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador, geographically speaking has a total area is 283,560 km2, including the Galápagos Islands. Of this, 276,840 km2 is land and 6,720 km2 water. Ecuador is one of the smaller countries in South America.
The capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1978 for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America. The country’s largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is one of the most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, makes them perfect start point to get encounter with the World’s most mega diverse country per square kilometer (9.2 species).
Ecuador consists of four geographical regions: Pacific Coast, Highlands, Amazon Rainforest and Galápagos Island.
Regions that are broken down at the same time into twenty four (24) provinces: (Azuay, Bolívar, Cañar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Ríos, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbíos, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe, Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas y Santa Elena).
This small country is located in the northwest of Southamerica, and is crossed by the equator.
This extraordinary country is surrounded by mountains and glaciers, jungles and forests, thousands of species of flora and fauna, beaches and sea, unique islands all in one place. Ecuador is also home of a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galapagos Islands, Yasuni National Park in the Amazon Rainforest.